Truck trailers are designed differently from regular cars, and they are available in different types. The ultimate truck design depends on the manufacturer, load requirements, and roadway regulations and guidelines for each state.
Truck trailers are designed for long-distance transport, usually for millions of kilometers. Sometimes truck drivers live in the cab for days or even weeks before they visit their homes. These automobiles come with special features that enable them to move their loads efficiently during freight and act as a home for the occupants, usually the driver and assistant.
Types of trucks
This type of trailer is designed to transport cars on a car transporter. Operators must have special skills for operating and loading the vehicle.
Boat haulage: This kind of truck is meant to transport small boats. It is usually small or medium in size. Larger boats may require specialized low trailers often known as “lowboy” to transport. This type of truck may require pilot vehicles and a haulage plan so that they can avoid low bridges, especially if they are oversized.
Dry goods trucks
Most of the freight entails dry goods usually transported in a box body or curtain sider trucks. These trucks could be small or medium and rigid in design.
These trucks are designed to transport other vehicles or large bulky goods, such as water tanks or concrete pipes. Some special flatbed trucks can transport forestry products or are designed with a tilted mechanism that allows other vehicles to get on from the rear. Besides, some of them have special functions, such as hauling heavy goods and bulky equipment like mining equipment and cranes.
Also known as Luton peak bodies, these trucks are box vans designed with an extended section on top of the cab. On the inside, they have many anchor points for securing the furniture. Some of these trucks are large and articulated.
These trucks carry live animals—sheep, cattle, pigs, and others.
These are refrigerated trailers. They are meant to transport perishable, temperature-sensitive, and delicate items, such as food items and medication. They can be divided into separate containers or box trucks.
These trucks are designed to haul liquid goods, such as milk, petrol, or chemicals. They can also transport dry and bulky materials, such as sugar, flour, or cement. Operators of these trucks may require special certifications, such as hazardous goods, based on the type of goods to be transported.
Also known as dump trailers, these trucks are made to transport building materials, such as sand, aggregates, and mud. They come handy on construction sites and are designed to tip sideways or backward to offload their contents.
Finally and importantly, there are specialist trucks, which are designed for particular purposes. They include tow trucks, cranes, mining trucks, concrete mixers, and airport trucks. Semi-trailers, B-double trailers, pig trailers, and dog-trailers are also in the specialist truck family.
With this information, you can consider your choices and hit the dealerships knowing what exactly suits your application.